Carwardine, M. 1995, The Guinness Book of Animal Records, Guinness Publishing, Middlesex, England.

Fitch, J, (1969) A second record of the slender mola, Ranzania laevis (Pennant), from California, Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci. 68(2): 115-118.

Gladstone, W. 1988, Killer whale feeding observed underwater, J. Mamm. 69 (3): 629-630.

Harbison, G. R. and J. Janssen, 1987, Encounters with a swordfish (Xiphias gladius) and sharptail mola (Masturus lanceolatus) at depths greater than 600 meters, Copeia, 1987(2): 511-513.

Norman J. R. and F. C. Fraser, 1949, Field Book of Giant fFishes, G. P. Putnam and Sons, New York, New York.

Saito, T, T. Noguchi, Y. Shida, T. Abe, K. Hashimoto, 1991, Screening of tetrodotoxin and its derivatives in puffer related species." Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 57 (8).

Schmidt, J., 1921, Contributions to the knowledge of the young of the sunfishes (Mola and Ranzania), Meddeleser Fra Kommissionen For Havundersogelser, 4(6): 1-13.

Sherman, K. 1961, Occurrence of early developmental stages of the oblong ocean sunfish Ranzania laevis (Pennant) in the central North Pacific. Copeia, 1961, 467-470.

Silvani L., M. Gazo, A. Aguilar, 1999, Spanish driftnet fishing and incidental catches in the western Mediterranean, Biological Conservation, 90:79-85.

Tyler, J.C. and A. F. Bannikov, New Genus of Primitive Ocean Sunfish with Separate Premaxillae from the Eocene of Southwest Russia (Molidae, Tetraodontiformes), Copeia, 1992(4): 1014-1023.

Yabe, H. 1950, Juvenile of the pointed-tailed ocean sunfish, Masturus lanceolatus, Bull. Japan. Soc. Sci. Fish. 16:40-42.





National Geographic

Research and Exploration

Microsoft Corporation

Sea Studios Foundation

Monterey Bay

Taiwan Fisheries
Research Institute

The Lindbergh Foundation

Smithsonian Visiting
Research Fellowship

University of South Florida,

Census of Marine Life

Pfleger Institute of
Marine Science (PIER)

Women’s International
Science Collaboration

Stephen Drogen

Arcadia Wildlife Preserve, Inc

email: © 2002 - 2006 Tierney Thys, PhD.     images © Mike Johnson/ All rights Reserved